Unless you have been trained to administer CPR to your dog, it’s safer to seek immediate veterinary care. However, there are some things you can do to help your dog before you get him to the hospital or clinic:
Wrap your dog in a heavy towel or blanket to keep him warm and restrict his movements.
Apply a pressure bandage to stem or stop the bleeding of a cut or bite.
Apply a cold compress to a burn and gently hold it there until you get to the veterinary clinic.
Do not induce vomiting if you know or suspect your dog has swallowed a poisonous substance.
Even when signs of choking are clear (drooling, difficulty swallowing, pawing at the mouth, gagging), do not attempt to remove the item.
If your dog suffers heatstroke, take him to a cool spot and sponge him down with cold water. Encourage him to re-hydrate by drinking water in small amounts.
If your dog suffers frostbite, swiftly place him in a warm room. Slowly thaw out the frostbitten areas by applying warm, moist towels until you reach the veterinarian.
Keep a record of your pet’s medical history—vaccinations, illnesses, injuries, surgeries, and medications. It will be helpful should an emergency situation arise and your regular veterinarian is not available.