How can I prevent my puppy from getting fleas?
Keeping fleas off your pet is not difficult. The key is to break the life cycle of the pest. Adult fleas feed on the blood of your pet and a single flea can lay up to 2,000 eggs in its lifetime, which drop into the surrounding environment. When these eggs become larvae (in about two days), they move a short distance away from light to embed themselves into carpets, animal bedding and under furniture, where they feed on debris. They then turn into pupae and will hatch into adult fleas days later when unsuspecting pets or people are near and conditions are right (body heat, movement and vibration can trigger hatching) – pupae can remain in this state for months! This means that, because fleas can go from egg to adult in as little time as two weeks, a single flea can quickly create a serious outbreak.
Finding an adult flea on your pet is no indication of the scope of the problem; you may have thousands of immature fleas waiting to hatch. Eliminating the fleas on your pet is only part of the solution. You need to also eliminate all the eggs, larvae and pupae in your living space. There are a number of proven non-toxic chemical treatments available, so speak with your veterinarian to find the best course of action with your puppy.
And because fleas also spread parasites, such as tapeworm, you should have your pet treated for parasites if they have had a flea problem.